Friendly Russian: Learning How to Read & Write in Russian

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Chapter 1: Lesson 5

The Alphabet, continued

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sh e ju ja


ListenListen and repeat

Шш -sh шко́ла ба́бушка де́душка маши́на
/shine/ school grandmother grandfather good (adv.) car
  ка́ша   каранда́ш

hot cereal






Ээ -e э́то поэ́т мэр экономи́ст  
/set/ this mayor poet economist  
Юю -ju юг юри́ст ю́бка ключ лю́ди
/youth/ south lawyer skirt key people
Яя -ja я я́сно мя́со я́блоко дя́дя
/yard/ I clear (adv.) meat apple uncle
  тëтя А́нглия    
  aunt England    
  столо́вая ва́нная ку́хня мили́ция  
  dining room bathroom kitchen police  
  вре́мя яйцо́ и́мя фами́лия
  time egg first name last name
  аудито́рия сего́дня      
  classroom today      

Pronunciation tips:

  1. In some words (just a few, mostly of foreign origin) “E” is pronounced like “Э”: “те́ннис” (tennis), “кафе́” (cafeteria).
  2. There are words in which “Г” is pronounced as “B”: “сего́дня” (today).

Semantic and Grammar Tips:

  1. The Russian word “шко́ла” is used for institutions of secondary education, not for universities or kindergartens.
  2. Such words as па́па, де́душка, and дя́дя are masculine by nature, but they are declined like feminine nouns.
  3. The word “мили́ция”is used to denote Russian police only. For American or British police, the word “поли́ция” is used.
  4. The word “аудито́рия” as “classroom” is used in university or college setting.
  5. The word “столо́вая” in addition to “dining room” also means “canteen” and “cafeteria.”
  6. The word “хорошо́” (good, well – adv.) is very often used as“OK” – a sign of agreement or approval. Its synonym in this meaning is the word “ла́дно.”
  7. Вре́мя” (time) and “и́мя” (first name) are neuter in gender. They are exceptions.


1. Complete the crossword with new words! (Click on number in box for clues)

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